Excavation
 
Excavation

Site Excavation

Site excavation, or simply "excavation" as it is more broadly known, is the process by which materials including dirt, rock, and other debris are removed from a particular site. This is usually accomplished through the use of heavy earthmoving equipment like backhoes and bulldozers. There are lots of reasons to conduct a site excavation, up to and including a desire to exploit a property's mineral rights, to exploring a site for paleontologic reasons. Environmental reasons can also play a part in why someone would want to conduct a site excavation.

As you might have guessed, site excavation is usually the very first step in any construction project - after all, you can't install a foundation, basement, or other subterranean structure without first digging a hole to put it in!

If the site excavation is paleontologic in nature, the excavation will be almost laughably slow, and very methodical. The object of this particular type of site excavation isn't simply to shovel away as much dirt as possible, rather, it seeks to unearth relics of animals from our planet's ancient past. Any dinosaur skeleton or prehistoric plant specimen you have ever seen was unearthed as a result of a site excavation.

Projects involving environmental remediation can also use site excavation. For instance, site excavations at Chernobyl were undertaken in order to study the effect of such a concentrated dose of radiation upon the surrounding ecological climate. Further, places in which illegal dumping has taken place can be restored to health by a strategically applied site excavation; contaminated soil is replaced with healthy, fertile dirt, and the hazardous material is disposed of.

As you can see, site excavation is an intricate, specialized process. It can be used in a variety of ways, ranging from simply getting a hole in the ground, to the most delicate and fine-tuned of applications.

Most areas have at least a few companies whose specialty is the performance of site excavations. Accordingly, they will have the equipment necessary to perform the site excavation in a safe and timely manner. These specialized entities can be either commercial or academic, and, being so specialized, rarely stray into each other's spheres of activity. If you find yourself in need of such specialized services, it is best that you conduct a Google search, or pick up your phone book. These companies or institutions are easily located, but you WILL have to look for them. Happy hunting, and watch out for that hole - it's a doozy!

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